Rules for Constructing Possessives

Dublin Core

Title

Rules for Constructing Possessives

Description

Chart of rules for constructing possessives.

Creator

Brian White

Source

Derived from materials developed in experimental Mongolian language courses taught at the University of Alaska in Fairbanks and University of Maine Augusta from 2009 to 2012.

Date

2012

Contributor

American Center for Mongolian Studies

Format

text/html

Language

Mongolian

Identifier

begmon1069

Widgets Item Type Metadata

Raw HTML

Rules for Constructing Possessives
Condition Explanation
Male vowels Female vowels  
-ны -ний Added onto words ending with long vowels. Example: дуу+ны, ширээ+ний
Exceptions: цонх+ны, цүнх+ний, мод+ны, шал+ны, хоол+ны, үүл+ний, утас+ны
-ын

-ийн

Added onto words ending with short vowels. Example: уул+ын, хана+ын, зураг+ийн

Exceptions: people related words ending in long vowels - Даваа+/г/+ийн, дүү+/г/+ийн
Male words ending in ж, ч, ш, и, ь, г require the “–ийн” ending.
-ий

Added onto words that end in “н”. Example: сонин+ы, үнэн+ий, амьтaн+ы

Exceptions: байшин+/г/+ийн, дүн+/г/+ийн
 

Added onto words that end in pair vowels (diphthongs). Example: нохой+н, могой+н, ой+н, далай+н, гахай+н

Files

Collection

Citation

Brian White, “Rules for Constructing Possessives,” Mongolian Language Resource Archive, accessed June 23, 2024, http://themongolist.com/langdb/items/show/40.